relieves aggressive urges. How does our explanation of strangers' behavior differ from that of our own behavior? We explain strangers' behavior in terms of situational constraints and our own behavior in terms of personality traits.... read more ›
In explaining our own behavior or the behavior of those we know well, we often resort to: Question 3 options: deindividuation.... view details ›
How does the presence of observers affect a person's performance? It improves performance on easy tasks and hinders a person's performance on difficult tasks.... see more ›
Which comment is MOST likely to be made by the leader of a group characterized by groupthink? "We have been united on matters in the past, and I hope that will continue."... read more ›
Which of the following is the best example of scapegoating? Ryan, who is a member of one racial group, does not get into the college he wants to attend. Even though his application was weak, he blames members of another racial group for his rejection.... continue reading ›
What is the primary reason that people's behaviors do not always match their attitudes? personal identity. Which subfield of psychology is concerned with how a person's thoughts, feelings, and behaviors are influenced by interactions with others?... see details ›
The best example of a Type A Personality is an individual who is excessively yearning, objective situated, time-pressing, and competitive.... see more ›
Which of the following is a good example of blaming the victim? People blaming a lower-class person for being poor because they feel he is lazy or stupid and does not want to work.... see more ›
Prejudice involves three key components: an emotional response to memabers of the group; beliefs about the abilities, behaviors, and characteristics of group members; and behaviors directed at group members. For example, imagine that a person was negatively prejudiced against people from country X.... read more ›
The closer you live to another person, the more likely you are to be friends with them despite the growing use and impact of social media, according to a study that drew on data from the location-based social network provider Gowalla.... view details ›
Zajonc's (1965) mere presence theory of social fa- cilitation suggests that in the mere presence of others, a person's general drive is increased. This increase in drive causes increased arousal, which leads to a greater likelihood of a dominant response relative to a nondominant response.... see details ›
In contrast, dispositionism holds that our behavior is determined by internal factors (Heider, 1958). An internal factor is an attribute of a person and includes personality traits and temperament.... see more ›
Characteristics of Groupthink
Rationalization of decisions to minimize objections. Belief in the absolute goodness of the group. Intense dislike of outsiders – stereotyped and misleading portrayals of outside members and those who have left the group.... continue reading ›
Two well-known examples of Groupthink in action are the Challenger Space Shuttle disaster and the Bay of Pigs invasion. Engineers of the space shuttle knew about some faulty parts months before takeoff, but they did not want negative press so they pushed ahead with the launch anyway.... read more ›
Scapegoating has occurred throughout history to numerous groups, often triggered by a distressing event and as a means to justify discrimination or mass-murder.... read more ›
More specifically: Scapegoated adults often feel debilitated by self-doubt and 'imposter syndrome' in their relationships and in the work-place, and blame themselves for their difficulties. They often will develop 'fawning' behaviors, whereby they seek to please others and avoid conflict at any cost.... read more ›
Family Scapegoats can certainly become narcissistic as they get older. Many family scapegoats experience immense rage due to their status in the family. They know their role is unfair, but they are powerless to this dynamic when they're young. That said, abuse is highly generational.... view details ›
- General discomfort that has no obvious or clear source.
- Feeling conflicted over a disputed subject matter.
- People saying you're being a hypocrite.
- Being aware of conflicting views and/or desired but not know what to do with them.
Dissonant cognitions are usually caused by a mismatch in beliefs and behaviors. Festinger's theory identified three primary triggers, or causes, of cognitive dissonance: forced compliance, decision-making, and effort. Here's an explanation of these triggers, along with a few examples of cognitive dissonance in action.... view details ›
Another common example of cognitive dissonance is the rationalization that takes place when people dieting “cheat.” How many times have you committed to healthy eating when a doughnut, muffin, or another delicious-looking food item threatened to take you off course? Maybe you thought, “Eh, it's only one doughnut.... see more ›
ESTJs have a tendency to think they are always right and that their moral compass is objective, absolute and universal.... see more ›
It's no secret that people with strong personalities can make good leaders. They possess several characteristics associated with able and effective leadership: decisiveness, frankness, fearlessness, and a willingness to speak their minds, even if it involves sharing some tough truths.... read more ›
Research suggests that people with certain personality traits are more likely to have anxiety. For example, children who are perfectionists, easily flustered, timid, inhibited, lack self-esteem or want to control everything, sometimes develop anxiety during childhood, adolescence or as adults.... continue reading ›
- "Did You Do Anything That Could Have Been Misinterpreted?" ...
- "Was There Alcohol Involved?" ...
- "Did You Say Anything Back?" ...
- "You're Making My Life Harder" ...
- "Why'd You Stay With Them?" ...
- "If You Didn't Want An STD, You Shouldn't Have Had Unsafe Sex" ...
- "You Need To Be More Assertive"
Noun. Blaming the victim. blaming the victim. secondary victimization. “Bravo, too, for the general misogynist stereotyping, victim blaming and general mansplaining.”... read more ›
- Make sure victims can be heard.
- Let survivors know what happened to them is not their fault.
- Confront victim-blaming when you hear it.
- Do not let perpetrators blame their victim, alcohol or drugs for their behavior.
Every attitude has three components that are represented in what is called the ABC model of attitudes: A for affective, B for behavioral, and C for cognitive. The affective component refers to the emotional reaction one has toward an attitude object.... read more ›
The ABC Model breaks attitudes down into three components: affect, or feelings; behavior, or actions; and cognition, or thoughts and beliefs. A person's affect is linked to prejudice, their behavior is linked to discrimination, and their cognition is linked to stereotypes.... see details ›
prejudice, adverse or hostile attitude toward a group or its individual members, generally without just grounds or before sufficient evidence. It is characterized by irrational, stereotyped beliefs.... view details ›
Proximity. Proximity is the distance between you and another individual and your exposure to that individual over time. Proximity serves as an essential element in all personal relationships, for without proximity, no relationships can develop.... read more ›
Healthy friendships improve your emotional intelligence. A powerful cocktail of oxytocin, dopamine, and serotonin (all your feel-good hormones) elevate your mood and optimize your hormonal response to stress. Certain people inherently trigger these positive chemical reactions: Your friends! Humans like to feel happy.... view details ›
Friends and romantic partners tend to have certain characteristics in common, such as age, education, and even intelligence — and yet, research has long suggested that personality isn't one of these commonalities.... view details ›
Thirst, hunger, and the need for warmth are all examples of drives. A drive creates an unpleasant state, a tension that needs to be reduced. In order to reduce this state of tension, humans and animals seek out ways to fulfill these biological needs. We get a drink when we are thirsty.... view details ›
According to the drive theory of motivation, people are motivated to take certain actions in order to reduce the internal tension that is caused by unmet needs. For example, you might be motivated to drink a glass of water in order to reduce the internal state of thirst.... see details ›
As with Zajonc's theory of social facilitation, the distraction-conflict theory observes that an individual's performance on simple tasks is facilitated by arousal, whereas an individual's performance on complex tasks is hindered by this same arousal.... read more ›
What is the single most important fact that predicts the person with whom you will become friends or have a romantic relationship with?
What do you think is the single most influential factor in determining with whom you become friends and whom you form romantic relationships? You might be surprised to learn that the answer is simple: the people with whom you have the most contact. This most important factor is proximity.... see more ›
For example: A student gets a good grade on a test and tells herself that she studied hard or is good at the material. She gets a bad grade on another test and says the teacher doesn't like her or the test was unfair. Athletes win a game and attribute their win to hard work and practice.... see more ›
The process of assigning the cause of behavior to some situation or event outside a person's control rather than to some internal characteristic.... read more ›
Mindguards also affect groupthink. A mindguard is a member of the group who, in an attempt to preserve the central group idea, omits any information which may cause doubts to arise within the group.... see details ›
They found that individuals are influenced by overconfidence bias, hindsight bias, anchoring bias, framing bias, and escalation of commitment. Overconfidence bias. occurs when individuals overestimate their ability to predict future events. Many people exhibit signs of overconfidence.... continue reading ›
Excessive Stereotyping: Members of the group construct negative stereotypes for rivals outside the group. Pressure for Conformity: Members of the group apply pressure to anyone in the group who expresses any doubt about the group's illusions, stereotypes, decisions or rationales.... read more ›
groupthink, mode of thinking in which individual members of small cohesive groups tend to accept a viewpoint or conclusion that represents a perceived group consensus, whether or not the group members believe it to be valid, correct, or optimal.... read more ›
It's also known as herd mentality or groupthink, where we assume an action is appropriate because others are performing it.... see details ›
A well-known example of Groupthink in the workplace can be found in the Space Shuttle Challenger disaster. Before the launch, some engineers on the project raised concerns about the ability of the O-ring seals to withstand the launch temperatures, and so they opposed the launch.... read more ›
Social Loafing Examples. Tug of war, group homework projects, and an entertainer asking an audience to scream are all examples of social loafing because as you add more people to a group, the total group effort declines. Tug of War is the perfect example because it's where Maximillian Ringelmann originally found it.... view details ›
What Is Groupthink? Groupthink is a phenomenon that occurs when a group of individuals reaches a consensus without critical reasoning or evaluation of the consequences or alternatives. Groupthink is based on a common desire not to upset the balance of a group of people.... read more ›
Which theory best explains why our actions can lead us to modify our attitudes? Cognitive dissonance theory is most helpful for understanding the impact of: role-playing on attitude change.... see details ›
Which theory best explains why the excitement that lingers after a frightening event can facilitate passionate love? the bystander effect.... see more ›
When a task is relatively simple or well rehearsed the presence of other people tends to enhance individual performance a pattern called?
When a task is relatively simple or well-rehearsed, the presence of other people tends to enhance individual performance, a pattern called: social facilitation.... continue reading ›
Note : Attribution theory was designed to account for how people explain others' behavior. It is a theory in psychology states that the attributions people make about events and behavior can be classed as either internal or external.... continue reading ›